The next version of the HDMI standard is version 2.1. It supports up to 10K resolution, dynamic HDR, adaptive frame rate and 4K at 120fps. However, to enable the new features a new 48G cable is required.
HDMI 2.1 supports up to 10K HDR
HDMI is ready to embrace 8K resolution and other new picture technologies but it also requires a new type of cable to enable the 48 Gbps throughput.
In the resolution department HDMI 2.1 supports 8K at 60 pictures per second as well as 4K at 120 pictures per second. The latter is also referred to as HFR (High Frame Rate) and can be relevant for future generations of game consoles. In the small text supports for 10K resolution is highlighted but it is not mentioned in the press release, so it is unclear if there are some limitations.
In the HDR (High Dynamic Range) department, HDMI 2.1 is adding support for ”Dynamic HDR”. This means that HDMI will be capable of passing dynamic metadata for HDR content on a scene-by-scene or even frame-by-frame basis. This is one of the components that make the Dolby Vision HDR format unique but today it requires a DV composer at both the transmitting and receiving end. HDMI 2.1 will be able to transmit it in a standardized fashion.
Adaptive frame rate & better audio support
There is also a new “Game Mode VRR”, which is short for ”variable frame rate”. This is similar to AMD FreeSync and Nvidia G-sync in the PC ecosystem.
With adaptive frame rate the transmitting and receiving device can synchronize the frame rate on the fly in real-time. This is relevant for gaming, including game consoles that have fluctuating refresh rates. Future game consoles could support this feature.
Lastly, a new “eARC” features is highlighted. This is an extension of ARC – audio return channel – to enable support for object-based audio formats such as Dolby Atmos and DTS-X. So if a streaming service offers Atmos sound via the built-in app in your TV you can passthrough the Atmos sound to a receiver via HDMI.
Coming out later in 2017
HDMI 2.1 is backwards compatible with earlier versions, meaning that you can connect any player based on for example HDMI 2.0 or HDMI 1.4.
Some components of HDMI 2.1 will be available via firmware upgrades but other components obviously require new hardware. We have yet to encounter any TVs at CES with HDMI 2.1 ports. The HDMI group says that partners can start implementing the specification in early Q2 2017.
HDMI 2.1 highlights:
Higher Video Resolutions support a range of higher resolutions and faster refresh rates including 8K60Hz and 4K120Hz for immersive viewing and smooth fast-action detail.
HDMI 2.1 Specification supports the latest color spaces including BT.2020 with 10, 12, and 16 bits per color component.
Dynamic HDR ensures every moment of a video is displayed at its ideal values for depth, detail, brightness, contrast, and wider color gamuts—on a scene-by-scene or even a frame-by-frame basis.
48G cables enable up to 48Gbps bandwidth for uncompressed HDMI 2.1 feature support including 8K video with HDR. The cable is backwards compatible with earlier versions of the HDMI Specification and can be used with existing HDMI devices.
eARC supports the most advanced audio formats such as object-based audio, and enables advanced audio signal control capabilities including device auto-detect.
Game Mode VRR features variable refresh rate, which enables a 3D graphics processor to display the image at the moment it is rendered for more fluid and better detailed gameplay, and for reducing or eliminating lag, stutter, and frame tearing.